DCAMM Seminar - Towards Virtual Testing in Hydrogen-Rich Environments

A DCAMM seminar will be presented by

Emilio Martínez-Pañeda, 1851 Research Fellow
Department of Engineering
Cambridge University, United Kingdom


Abstract 

Hydrogen is ubiquitous and has remarkable properties. It is the lightest of the elements and it diffuses rapidly through the lattice of solid materials. The use of hydrogen as energy carrier is one of the most promising solutions to our energy crisis; hydrogen-powered cars and trains are already in the market. However, hydrogen is also famed for causing catastrophic failures in metallic components. The ductility and fracture resistance are drastically reduced in the presence of hydrogen and these effects increase with the strength of the metal; a 90% reduction in fracture toughness is observed in high strength steels. Decades of metallurgical progress are effectively compromised by the effect of hydrogen. A problem that was mainly relevant to aggressive environments, e.g. oil and gas extraction, has now important economic consequences in numerous applications, from bridges to wind turbines.

The speaker and his collaborators have been engaged in the development of models capable of predicting hydrogen assisted cracking as a function of the environment, the material and the loading conditions. To solve this longstanding challenge research efforts were focused on four fronts: (1) the mechanisms of hydrogen embrittlement, (2) the plastic response at the small scales involved in crack tip deformation, (3) the characterization of hydrogen transport and the electrochemistry-diffusion interface, and (4) the development of robust numerical methods for crack propagation. The combination of these efforts into a mechanism-based framework for hydrogen embrittlement led to an unprecedented level agreement with experimental measurements. The promising results achieved over a wide range of scenarios have attracted the interest of industrial partners and technical standards organizations, paving the way to extending the success of Virtual Testing in the automotive and aeronautical industries to hydrogen-sensitive applications. 

D
anish pastry, coffee and tea will be served 15 minutes before the seminar starts.

A
ll interested persons are invited.

 

Time

Wed 21 Nov 18
14:00 - 15:00

Organizer

DCAMM

Where

Room 065E (027), Building 414
Technical University of Denmark



http://www.dcamm.dk/kalender/Arrangement?id=1d7c07a3-08fb-4c14-86c4-8475ecfe97a1
13 NOVEMBER 2018